Canaan Dog
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Canaan Dog – An Ancient Breed

Canaan dogs are an ancient dog breed.  They are also known as the Bedouin Sheepdog.  They are native to the Middle East, but today Canaan dogs are more common in Israel. This dog breed may have witnessed the oldest biblical stories.  Petroglyphs of dogs dating thousands of ago appear on rocks in Saudi Arabia.  Those dogs closely resemble the Canaan dog.

Canaan dogs come in white, sandy, brown, and black, with several patterns and varieties.  Their eyes are dark and slightly slanted. They usually weigh from 35 to 55 pounds. Their bodies are strong, and they have moderately deep chests. Their tails are bushy and curls over their backs when they are alert. Canaan dogs are 10 to 24 inches tall.

About the Canaan Dog

Canaan Dogs are resourceful, intelligent, and highly trainable. They can survive on their own.  That may be the reason they have been around so long.  This breed needs a secure yard for play. Canaan’s are natural watchdogs.  They are highly protective and have the courage to take on just about any challenge. They are leary of strangers, children, and other animals but are very devoted to their family.

The Canaan Dog is clever and can learn to track, herd and compete in obedience trials. However, their herding instincts are not as strong as some other herding breeds, such as the Border Collie. They also make good watchdogs.

The Canaan Dog is a double-coated breed.  The topcoat is straight and about 2 inches long. Their undercoat is thick and helps keep the dog warm during cold weather. Their coat colors vary from black, red, sandy, and many shades of brown.  They need regular brushing and bathing only when necessary.

The Canaan Dog breed is recognized by most, if not all, of the world’s kennel clubs. There are Canaan dog clubs in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Finland, Germany, France, and Israel.

The Canaan Dog is the national dog breed of Israel.  The Canaan dog has long been ubiquitous in the Southern Levant region, from Sinai to Syria.

Canaan Dogs need the training to control their barking.  They also need strong leadership as it can be aggressive toward dogs. However, they are very friendly with people they know well. This is not the best breed with children.


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