Canines frequently experience acute or chronic kidney failure. It is characterized by azotemia and low specific gravity of the urine and is defined by a loss of function of the kidney’s filtration system of roughly 75%. Loss of blood flow, hypercalcemia, or poisons like ethylene glycol (antifreeze) or aminoglycoside antibiotics can all result in acute kidney damage.

 

 

Any acute kidney injury causes, including malignancy, infection, hypertension, glomerulonephritis, amyloidosis, and progressive interstitial fibrosis, can result in chronic kidney failure.