Eye Problems for Dogs

There are several common eye problems for dogs that they may experience throughout their lives. Some of the most common eye problems in dogs include:

  1. Corneal problems: Dogs with bug eyes and flat noses, such as Pugs, Bulldogs, and Shih-Tzus, are likelier to experience corneal problems. These problems can range from minor abrasions or scratches on the cornea to more serious issues like ulcers or perforations.
  2. Conjunctivitis: Also known as pink eye, conjunctivitis is a common eye infection in dogs that various factors, including allergies, bacteria, or viruses, can cause. It is characterized by redness and inflammation of the conjunctiva, the tissue that lines the inside of the eyelids and covers the sclera (white part of the eye).
  3. Cataracts: Cataracts are a clouding of the lens in the eye that can cause vision problems or even blindness in dogs. Various factors, including genetics, diabetes, or trauma, can cause them.
  4. Glaucoma: Glaucoma is a condition that occurs when there is an increase in pressure inside the eye, which can damage the optic nerve and lead to vision loss. It is most commonly seen in older dogs and can be caused by various factors, including genetics or underlying health conditions [4].
  5. Dry eye: Dry eye, also known as keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS), occurs when the tear glands do not produce enough tears to keep the eyes lubricated. In severe cases, this can cause irritation, inflammation, and even corneal ulcers.

In summary, some common dog eye problems include corneal problems, conjunctivitis, cataracts, glaucoma, and dry eye. If you notice any signs of eye discomfort or vision problems in your dog, it is important to seek veterinary care promptly to prevent further complications.