Entlebucher Mountain Dog

Entlebucher Mountain Dog: Loyal, Friendly, and Courageous

The Entlebucher Mountain Dog is a medium-sized, sturdy working dog native to Switzerland. It was bred as a herding and general-purpose farm dog in the canton of Entlebuch.  The breed has been officially recognized since 1927 and is part of the Swiss Mountain and Cattle breeds group.

Its popularity outside its homeland is growing due to its intelligence, loyalty, and good-natured temperament.

History Of The Entlebucher Mountain Dog

Swiss Mountain Dogs
Greater Swiss Mountain Dog, Bernese Mountain Dog, Appenzeller Mountain Dog, Entlebucher Mountain Dog

The Entlebucher Mountain Dog is a Swiss mountain dog family member and one of four breeds native to Switzerland.  The other three are the Bernese Mountain Dog,   Greater Swiss Mountain Dog, and the Appenzeller Mountain Dog.  These dogs may have existed since ancient times. Although not definitively proven, they were used as herding dogs during the Roman occupation of the Alps.

Their original purpose was to accompany farmers on their daily rounds, guarding both flocks and property while also being able to travel rugged terrain easily. Though these dogs are still used today for herding cattle, the breed has become increasingly popular among owners seeking a loyal companion who can excel at agility or obedience trial competitions.

The modern-day Entlebucher comes in three colors – black, fawn, and tricolored – all with white markings around the muzzle and chest area. They are robustly built yet agile animals with short legs, making them good climbers and swimmers. This combination makes them suitable for many activities, such as carting, drafting, or search and rescue missions.

Their friendly nature, coupled with intelligence, means they make excellent companions. However, due to their strong protective instinct, they may not do well around unfamiliar people or situations without proper training and socialization from puppyhood.  

Physical Characteristics Of The Entlebucher Mountain Dog

Entlebucher Mountain DogThe Entlebucher Mountain Dog is a medium-sized breed that typically weighs 35-50 pounds (15 – 22 kg) and stands 16 – 20 inches (41– 51 cm). They are muscular and well-proportioned with powerful legs.

Their coat can vary in color, including black or brown, with white markings on the chest, feet, chin, muzzle, and tail tip. The coat is short but thick enough to protect against cold weather conditions.

Their ears are triangular and stand erect, while their eyes are almond-shaped, set far apart, and range from dark hazelnut to almost black coloration. The head is broad with a slight stop yet still looks proportional to the body size.

Due to its robust capabilities, this breed has a firm jawline that helps them excel at tasks like herding livestock or carrying heavy loads when needed.

Health Considerations

Regarding health considerations, there are some issues that potential owners should be aware of.  This medium-sized herding dog has an average life expectancy of 12 years, which is relatively short compared to other breeds. They can also suffer from common ailments such as hip dysplasia, eye diseases, and heart disease. It is recommended that any prospective owner gets regular check-ups with the vet to detect any possible problems early on.

As part of responsible ownership, providing them with the proper nutrition and exercise will ensure they stay happy and healthy throughout their lifetime:

Entlebucher Mountain Dog Temperament

The Entlebucher Mountain Dog is a loyal and intelligent companion, making them an excellent choice as a pet and working partner. They are eager to please their owners yet remain independent and hardworking when necessary.

Their strong instinctive abilities make them well-suited for sheep herding, tracking, search-and-rescue missions, and agility competitions. This breed is known for their unwavering devotion to their family members and affinity for learning new activities.

An Entlebucher will bond closely with its human companions and may even become protective of them in certain situations. They require regular exercise and mental stimulation daily to prevent boredom or destructive behavior from developing.

The Entlebucher Mountain Dog also needs ample opportunity to socialize with other dogs; otherwise, they may become aggressive towards animals they don’t know. 

Finding A Reputable Breeder

When looking for a reputable breeder to purchase your puppy, it is essential to consider some key factors.  Start by researching the background of any potential breeders thoroughly. Check their reputation with other owners, ask questions regarding the health history of their breeding animals, and inquire about any certifications they may have regarding responsible breeding practices.

Reputable breeders should be able to provide proof of medical histories of both parents and detailed information about the puppy’s lineage.

A good breeder will always put the well-being of each dog first and strive to create healthy living environments for all involved animals.

The National Entlebucher Mountain Dog Association is the AKC parent club for this breed and is a good resource for finding a reputable breeder.

Frequently Asked Questions

How Do I Train My Entlebucher Mountain Dog?

To correctly train this breed, one must remain consistent in rewards-based methods that focus on positive reinforcement; this includes using treats and verbal praise for desired behaviors.

Additionally, any negative behaviors should be addressed immediately in a firm yet gentle manner – punishment or scolding is usually ineffective when dealing with this breed due to their sensitivity.

How Much Exercise Does An Entlebucher Mountain Dog Need?

The Entlebucher Mountain Dog is an active and energetic breed, requiring at least one hour of vigorous activity every day to maintain physical fitness and mental health.

What Special Dietary Needs Do Entlebucher Mountain Dogs Have

You should feed your dogs food specially formulated for medium-sized, active dogs with higher protein, fat, and omega-fatty acids.

How Much Does An Entlebucher Mountain Dog Typically Cost?

The cost of an Entlebucher Mountain Dog varies widely depending on various factors, including the breeder or shelter from which it is purchased. Generally speaking. However, a puppy can range between $1,500 and $2,000.


As with any large purchase, additional costs, such as food, vet visits, training classes, and supplies, should be considered.

How Much Space Do Entlebucher Mountain Dogs Need In A Home Environment?

The breed needs sufficient space to move around and exercise comfortably, so providing enough room indoors or access to an outdoor area where they can run freely is essential.  Additionally, the breed should have access to soft surfaces, such as grassy areas or carpets that are not too slippery.


The Entlebucher Mountain Dog is a loyal and devoted companion who requires dedicated owners to help them reach their full potential. This breed can make an ideal addition to almost any household with proper training and exercise routines.

A balanced diet is essential to keep the dog healthy and fit and provide plenty of space for playtime and rest. Although the initial cost may be high, its long-term benefits are worth every penny spent.

In conclusion, having an Entlebucher Mountain Dog can bring great joy to any home. It takes dedication from both parties to ensure success – but when done right, there’s no other reward quite like it! This breed will offer unconditional loyalty and further throughout its lifetime– provided those unique needs are met along the way.

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