Where Do Pomeranians Come From?


The Pomeranian (Pom), with its upright ears and a thick double coat of straight hair, demonstrates its spitz heritage. The Pom’s ancestors were probably much larger sled dogs from the cold Nordic countries of Europe. Some of those dogs made their way to Pomerania an area that is now part of Poland and Germany. Breeders in Pomerania greatly reduce the size of the dog so you may have trouble getting your Pom to pull to your heavy dog sled. The Pom’s more immediate ancestor is the German Spitz.


The Pomeranian’s popularity increased dramatically when Queen Victoria discovered the breed in Italy in 1888. She became extremely fond of Poms and at one time reportedly owned 35 of them. One of her Poms became such a beloved pet that she asked for him (“Turi”) while lying on her deathbed.


What Do Pomeranians Look Like?


Pomeranians are small dogs (6-7 inches and 3-7 pounds) and are included in the AKC’s Toy Dog Group. Due to its spitz heritage, it has a double coat of thick straight hair, pointed upright ears, and a pointed muzzle. It has a glorious plumed tail that should droop on it back.


The Poms coat comes in just about all the colors in the rainbow and a few that aren’t. However, the most popular colors include orange, black, cream, and white. Some newer color combinations include brindle and merle.


The Pomeranian does shed a moderate amount and so is not considered hypoallergenic. They are very small, however, so won’t spread as much hair around the house as much larger dogs that shed such as the St. Bernard.

You can prevent some hair from spreading by brushing your Pom frequently or at least once a week. Frequent brushing can also prevent tangles which can be a real nuisance for both you and your dog. Most owners will find it worthwhile to take their dogs to a competent groomer every six weeks. They should get a complete doggie overhaul including a bath, nail trimming, expressing anal glands (yuk), and cleaning their ears.

Are Pomeranians Easy To Train?

Stanley Coren’s book, “The Intelligence of Dogs, ranks Poms number 23, which means they are above average in dog intelligence and are among the dogs that are easier to train. They can be a little stubborn at times because they do have a mind of their own. The Pomeranian has a larger-than-life personality and likes to be the center of attention.

House training a Pomeranian is relatively easy as in getting it to perform basic tricks such as sit up and rollover. The key to success is to be consistent, reward good behavior, and do not punish the dog when it acts with a bit of independence.

Are Pomeranians Good With Kids?

Poms are companion dogs and love to play with children of all ages. They are a very small breed, so be careful with rough play to prevent any risk of injury. Most small dogs do not like pulling on their tails or ears and may respond to such rude behavior by growling, barking, or even nipping. Small children should be supervised around any dog.

Pomeranians, especially as they age, make excellent and affectionate lap dogs. They have a perky, look at me I’m the most important thing in the room attitude and may vocalize (bark) if you ignore them.

As watchdogs, Poms are quick to announce whenever someone is at the door. They may bark more often and longer that the situation deserves, and you may need to train it to reduce any annoying yapping.

Are Pomeranians Healthy?

Although it looks and is a dainty dog, the Pom is sturdy and generally healthy. With proper care and diet, their average lifespan is 12 to 16 years.

The Pom may inherit a few health issues that breeders should screen for. These include luxating patella, hypothyroidism, collapsing tracheas, congestive heart failure, seizures, and alopecia. For more information on their health concerns, read the Pomeranian Health Statement

How Much Do Pomeranians Cost?

A Pomeranian puppy will likely cost between $1,000 to $3,000. Dogs with impressive pedigrees can cost several thousands of dollars. As with any dog breed, only buy from reputable breeders.

Even dogs as cute as Pomeranians are sometimes available as a rescue. You can start your search for a rescue Pom by visiting the American Pomeranian Club website. Their website will also be useful if you are looking for a puppy or just want additional information.

A Pomeranian named “Great Elms Prince Charming II” won best in show for the 1988 Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show. While we have no information on is Prince Charming was ever a father, his offspring, if any, would likely have been very expensive.

As an aside, Prince Charming was the only Pomeranian to ever win Best in Show. As of 2020, Toy Dog breeds have won the prize 11 times. However, they lag far behind the Terrier Group which has won 47 times.

Famous People Who Owned Pomeranians

Queen Victoria of England may have been the person who gets credit for making the Pomeranian a popular dog breed, but she was not the first British royal to own one. Queen Charlotte, who was from Mecklenburg, Germany (a neighboring territory of Pomerania), brought Pomeranian dogs with her when she married King George III (King of England during the American Revolution).

Michelangelo, the great Italian artist, owned a Pomeranian. Legend, myth, or maybe even actual history states that his favorite Pomeranian relaxed on a satin pillow and watch Mike paint the Sistine Chapel. Not sure if the dog ever barked his approval.

Some other celebrities that have owned Pomeranians include Paris Hilton, Leann Rimes, Gwen Stefani, Sharon and Kelly Osbourne, and Hilary Duff. The list is heavily weighted toward women but some of the male celebrities who owned Poms include Sylvester Stallone, David Hasselhoff, and Keanu Reeves.