Among dog lovers, the Chihuahua is a well-liked member of the Toy Group. One of the tiniest dog breeds is named for the Chihuahuan state in Mexico.
These alert and entertaining “purse dogs,” who serve as Mexico’s national symbol, are among the continent’s oldest breeds and can trace their ancestry back to pre-Columbian civilizations.
Until the early 20th century, these dogs were uncommon, and the American Kennel Club did not register one until 1904. Hernán Cortés, in a letter from 1520, wrote that the Aztecs raised and traded the tiny canines for food. Early 19th-century colonial records mention little, virtually hairless canines. According to one of these records, conquistadors in the 16th century discovered them in great numbers in the area that would later become known as Chihuahua.
This little dog has a big personality. They are little, graceful dogs with terrier-like characteristics that weigh no more than 6 pounds. The “apple” head shape is distinctive to the breed. Alert expression is conveyed through upright ears and full, brilliant eyes.
Coats can be long or short and come in various hues and designs. The only difference between the types is the coat. Chihuahuas have a big-dog attitude, are loyal, and are charming.
Registries’ current breed standards call for an “apple-head” or “apple-dome” shaped skull. Apple-dome Chihuahuas have high, dramatically rounded skulls, huge, round eyes, and large, erect ears.
Dogs of the older “deer” type, which have a flat-topped head, wider eyes, broader ears, and longer, more slender legs, may still be registered, but the deer head is not recognized as a distinct type in competition, and a deer-head dog’s departure from the breed standard is viewed as a defect.
As Family Pets
This spirited little dog is incredibly dedicated and committed to its owner. They may get along well with other indoor pets, despite being wary of strangers and aggressive with other dogs.
Training is necessary for even the smallest dogs, and this cunning scamp will control your home like a miniature Napoleon without it.
Not every Chihuahua is as confident as another. Some may be quite hesitant and bashful. Some are very intense and will have an attitude they can take on the world. In either case, Chihuahuas are very loyal to their owners and the rest of the household.
They need daily exercise because they are energetic dogs. The good news is that these little fellas can complete their requirements for strenuous exercise by pacing around a house or a small apartment. However, don’t forget to take them for walks and let them have fun outside.
Chihuahuas make great city pets since they are little and self-assured. Chihuahuas are adaptable as long as they spend a lot of time in their favorite lap. They are too small to rough-house with children.
The Chihuahua is an indoor dog and should not be kept outside. Although it should only be temporary, there is nothing wrong with letting it spend a few hours each day exploring the backyard. Chihuahuas strongly detest the cold and will search for warmth and comfort.
Grooming should just be a minor worry if you’re the proud owner of a Chihuahua. There are two varieties of chihuahuas: short-haired and long-haired. Those with short hair require very little combing, sometimes once or twice weekly. Chihuahuas with long hair should be brushed twice a week.
The Chihuahua has a longer lifespan than most dog breeds, sometimes lasting up to 20 years, with a healthy dog typically surviving 16 to 17 years. Veterinarians advise owners of this dog breed to get health examinations for heart and knee disorders.
Fortunately, owners should not be concerned about serious health problems. Minor issues like hypoglycemia, pulmonic stenosis, patellar luxation, and hydrocephalus do arise, although they are quite uncommon. Another typical characteristic of the breed is molera, a soft region on the top of the head brought on by an imperfect fontanel closure.