The American English Coonhound, also known as the English Coonhound or the Redtick Coonhound, is a popular coonhound breed in the United States. With its distinctive red and white coat and powerful hunting skills, this breed has been prized by hunters for centuries.
The American English Coonhound is descended from hunting hounds, especially foxhounds, brought to America by settlers during the 17th and 18th centuries . Over time, these dogs were selectively bred for their hunting ability and endurance, leading to the development of the coonhound breed.
The breed’s first recognition came from the United Kennel Club in 1905 as the English Fox and Coonhound. Later, in 1945, the breed’s name was officially changed to the American English Coonhound.
Size and Appearance
The American English Coonhound is a medium-sized dog that typically weighs between 40 and 65 pounds and stands between 22 and 27 inches tall at the shoulder. They have a muscular, athletic build, deep chest, and strong, level back.
This breed has a distinctive red and white coat with ticked or mottled markings. The skin is short and dense and sheds moderately throughout the year. Regular grooming, including brushing and occasional bathing, is necessary to keep their coat healthy and shiny.
In terms of their appearance, the American English Coonhound has a broad head with a slightly domed skull and a long, straight muzzle. They have large, round eyes that are usually brown or hazel and long, drooping ears that hang close to their head. Their tail is long and tapered and is often carried in a slight curve when they are on the move.
Care of the American English Coonhound
As a hunting breed, the American English Coonhound requires plenty of exercise and mental stimulation. This breed also benefits from regular training sessions to keep their minds sharp. They should be allowed to run and play in a secure, fenced-in area.
American English Coonhounds require a high-quality diet appropriate for their age, activity level, and size. They should be fed a balanced protein, fat, and carbohydrate diet. This breed is prone to obesity, so monitoring their weight and adjusting their diet is essential.
Regular grooming is also essential for the American English Coonhound. They have a short, dense coat that sheds moderately throughout the year. They should be brushed regularly to remove loose fur and prevent matting. Bathing should be done as needed to keep their coat clean and healthy.
American English Coonhound Personality
The American English Coonhound can make a great family pet for the proper household. According to the American Kennel Club, this breed is friendly and affectionate. They are known for their loyalty and love to spend time with their human family.
However, it is essential to note that the American English Coonhound is a hunting breed and may have a strong prey drive. Early socialization and training ensure they get along well with other pets and children.
As a watchdog, the American English Coonhound is capable of a loud howl and can alert their owners to the presence of strangers. However, they are generally too friendly to perform well as guard dogs.
Overall, the American English Coonhound can be an excellent addition to a family with experience with hunting breeds and is willing to provide them with the exercise, training, and socialization they need to thrive.
While the American English Coonhound is generally a healthy breed, they are prone to specific health issues like all dogs. As a working dog, closely monitoring the American English Coonhound’s health is essential. Here are some of the most common health concerns associated with this breed:
Joint Problems: The American English Coonhound is prone to joint problems such as hip dysplasia, a genetic condition affecting the hip joint that can cause arthritis and lameness. Elbow dysplasia is also a common problem in this breed.
Eye Issues: This breed can be prone to eye problems such as cataracts, which can cause cloudiness in the eye and eventually lead to blindness.
Ear Infections: The American English Coonhound has long, floppy ears that can trap moisture and debris, making them prone to ear infections.
Stomach Issues: Like many breeds, the American English Coonhound can suffer from digestive problems such as bloat, a life-threatening condition where the stomach fills with gas and twists on itself.
Not all American English Coonhounds will develop these health problems, and many can live long and healthy lives with proper care and regular veterinary check-ups. If you are considering adding an American English Coonhound to your family, research reputable breeders and ask about their health screenings for breeding dogs.
Are American English Coonhounds good with children?
Yes, American English Coonhounds are generally good with children. They are friendly and affectionate, and they enjoy spending time with their human family.
Do American English Coonhounds make good apartment pets?
No, American English Coonhounds are not well-suited to apartment living. They require plenty of exercise and mental stimulation, which is difficult to provide in a small living space.
Are American English Coonhounds good with other pets?
It depends on the individual dog and their socialization. American English Coonhounds have a strong hunting instinct and may view smaller animals as prey. Early socialization and training can help to reduce the risk of aggression towards other pets.
The American English Coonhound is a unique and beloved breed with a rich history as a skilled hunting dog. While they may not be the best choice for every family, those with experience with hunting breeds and are willing to provide the training, exercise, and socialization needed will find a loyal and affectionate companion in the American English Coonhound.
This breed’s distinctive appearance, friendly nature, and excellent sense of smell make it a popular choice among hunters and pet owners. However, it is important to note that the American English Coonhound requires an active lifestyle and plenty of mental and physical stimulation to prevent boredom and destructive behavior.
Before adding an American English Coonhound to your family, research reputable breeders and ask about their health screenings and temperament testing. The American English Coonhound can make a wonderful addition to any household with proper care and attention.