When you need someone to flush a fierce badger from its burrow, who are you gonna call?  Dachshund, that’s who!

Dachs is the German word for badger.  The English translation of the German “dachshund” is “badger dog.”  The Dachshund was bred to chase and flush badgers from their burrows.  This dangerous job takes a very courageous dog, and the Dachshund is one of the best when it comes to courage.  

If you need a dog to chase rabbits, the Dachshund comes in a scaled-down kaninchen” (German for rabbit) size.  For badger duty, Dachshund’s standard size is still a rather small dog at only 9 inches tall and weighing up to 32 pounds.  What the Dachshund lacks in height, it makes up for in length.  Little wonder it has the nickname “weiner” or “sausage” dog based on its body shape.

The miniature size Dachshund is 6 inches or less in height and weighs 11 pounds or less.  The rabbit-size is not officially recognized by the American Kennel Club or the Kennel Club (UK); it would be considered part of the miniature class.  In addition to size distinction, Dachshunds have 3 coat varieties, smooth, longhaired, and wirehaired. The smooth coat variation is sometimes referred to as shorthaired, but the AKC uses smooth as the discription in its Official Standard of the Dachshund.  Red or black and tan are the predominant coat colors, but there are several others.


Smooth Coated Dachshund
Longhaired Dachshund
Wirehaired Dachshund

The Dachshund is part of the Hound Group and is a hunting dog. It has an excellent sense of smell that makes it better than most other breeds at tracking a scent.

Dachshunds have average dog intelligence and need some effort to train. It is not the easiest dog to housetrain. They do like to chase things and need a moderate amount of exercise.

The Dachshund is suspicious of strangers and may growl or bark at people it does not know.

Owners of Dachshund describe them as clever, playful, and affectionate. They may be hunting dogs, but they also like to cuddle on your lap. Devotees of the breed consider the Dachshunds stubbornness to be an endearing quality rather than a fault.

They shed moderately and are not hypoallergenic dogs. The smooth coat dog has very little grooming needs. However, the long and wire coats need frequent brushing to prevent mats and tangles.

The long body of the Dachshund makes back injury a serious concern. They should be prevented from jumping down from heights. Other than back problems, the Dachshund is generally healthy with a lifespan of 12 to 16 years.

Few dog breeds can match the sheer courage of the Dachshund. Despite its small size, it will take on just about any threat. You have to admire a dog that will do that.

BreedHeight (inches)Weight (Pounds)Life Expectancy (Years)Popularity (AKC)Origin
Basset Hound
up to 1540-6512-1339France and Belgium
Pembroke Welsh Corgi
10-12up to 3012-1313United Kingdom
Teddy Roosevelt Terrier8-158-2514-16n/aUnited States
Swedish Valhund12-1420-3512-15169Sweden