Low angle shot of a beautiful black mouth cur dog on the rocks under the cloudy sky

Mountain Cur: Characteristics, Temperament, Health, and More

History of the Mountain Cur

The Mountain Cur is a hunting dog breed in the southeastern United States mountains. It is believed that European settlers who brought their hunting dogs to the Appalachian region in the 19th century developed the breed.

The Mountain Cur was primarily used for hunting small game such as squirrels, raccoons, and opossums, as well as giant game like wild boar and bears. The breed was prized for its versatility, courage, and excellent scenting abilities.

Over time, the Mountain Cur breed became popular among hunters and farmers in the region. These people valued the dog for its hunting prowess and ability to protect livestock from predators. The breed was also used as a family companion and watchdog.

In the 20th century, efforts were made to standardize the breed and establish a breed registry. The Original Mountain Cur Breeders Association was founded in 1957 to promote and preserve the breed.

Today, the Mountain Cur is still used as a hunting and working dog, but it is also a beloved family pet known for its loyalty, intelligence, and affectionate nature. Several kennel clubs recognize the breed, including the United Kennel Club and the AKC. The American Kennel Club (AKC) puts the Mountain Cur in the Foundation Stock Service group.

Closeup Mixed Breed Large Dog Looking Into Camera

Mountain Cur characteristics and traits

The Mountain Cur dog breed is typically medium-sized, with males standing between 18 and 26 inches tall at the shoulder and females slightly smaller. They usually weigh 30 to 60 pounds.

The coat color of the Mountain Dog breed can vary, but standard colors include black, brown, gray, and white. The texture of their coat is typically thick, dense, and weather-resistant, with a slightly rough or coarse outer coat and a soft, insulating undercoat.

The Mountain Cur’s short, dense coat requires minimal grooming. Regular brushing with a firm bristle or rubber grooming mitt will help reduce shedding and keep their coat healthy. Bathing should only be done as needed to prevent stripping the coat of its natural oils.

Nail trimming, ear cleaning, and tooth brushing should also be part of the grooming routine to ensure overall health and well-being. During grooming sessions, checking for any signs of skin issues, parasites, or other health concerns is also recommended.


Temperament and behavior

Mountain Cur dogs are known for being intelligent, courageous, and loyal. They are excellent hunters and have a strong prey drive. Mountain Curs also protect their families and make good guard dogs. They are typically friendly and sociable with their human companions but may be wary of strangers. These dogs are energetic and require a lot of physical exercise, but they also enjoy spending time with their families. Overall, Mountain Cur dogs are confident, independent, and hardworking animals.

Mountain Cur dogs are active and energetic and require daily exercise to stay healthy and happy. They were initially bred for hunting and had great stamina and endurance.

It is recommended that Mountain Cur dogs get at least 30-60 minutes of exercise every day, preferably in activities that stimulate both their body and mind. These include hiking, running, playing fetch, agility training, or participating in canine sports like obedience trials or tracking.

In addition to physical exercise, Mountain Cur dogs benefit from mental stimulation to prevent boredom and destructive behavior. Puzzle toys, interactive games, and training sessions are great ways to engage their minds.

Overall, regular exercise and mental stimulation are essential for the health and well-being of Mountain Cur dogs. They thrive in active households with plenty of opportunities to exercise and play.

The Mountain Cur dog is known for its high levels of trainability and intelligence. They are quick learners eager to please their owners, making them relatively easy to train. These dogs have a strong work ethic, which makes them well-suited for various tasks and activities. Mountain Curs excel in obedience and agility training and have an instinct for hunting and tracking. With proper training and socialization, they can become well-behaved and obedient companions.


treeing tenneessee brindle descendant of Mountain Cur
The Treeing Tennessee Brindle is thought to be a descendant of the Mountain Cur

Health considerations

Some common health issues in the Mountain Cur dog breed include:

  1. Hip dysplasia: A genetic condition where the hip joint doesn’t fit properly, leading to arthritis and pain. This can affect the Mountain Cur’s mobility and quality of life.
  2. Patellar luxation: A condition where the kneecap dislocates from its normal position, causing pain and difficulty walking for the dog.
  3. Eye conditions: Mountain Curs are prone to several eye conditions, such as cataracts, glaucoma, and progressive retinal atrophy, leading to vision loss if left untreated.
  4. Skin allergies: Some Mountain Curs may develop allergies to environmental factors, food, or grooming products, which can lead to itchiness, redness, and skin infections.
  5. Heart problems: Some Mountain Curs may be prone to heart conditions such as mitral valve disease or dilated cardiomyopathy, which can affect their overall health and lifespan.

Mountain Cur owners must be aware of these potential health issues and work closely with their veterinarian to monitor and address any concerns. Regular check-ups, proper nutrition, exercise, and grooming can help keep your Mountain Cur healthy and happy.


The average lifespan of Mountain Cur dogs is typically between 10 to 15 years. With proper care, diet, and exercise, some Mountain Curs have been known to live into their late teens. It is important to provide regular veterinary care, vaccinations, preventive medications, and a healthy lifestyle to help ensure that your Mountain Cur lives a long and happy life.

Exercise and activity requirements

Mountain Curs thrive in environments with plenty of space to roam and exercise. They are most suited to living in rural or semi-rural areas where they can explore and run freely. Ideally, they should have a large yard or property with a secure fence to keep them safe and prevent them from roaming off.

The Mountain Cur dog is known for its high energy levels, agility, and strength. As a result, they require regular exercise to stay healthy and happy. Some suitable activities for a Mountain Cur dog include:

  1. Long walks or hikes: Mountain Curs are excellent walking and hiking companions, as they enjoy exploring new environments and getting plenty of exercise.
  2. Running or jogging: If you are a runner or enjoy jogging, your Mountain Cur will likely be able to keep up with you and appreciate the opportunity to burn off some energy.
  3. Agility training: Mountain Curs are highly intelligent and enjoy mental stimulation, so agility training can be a great way to challenge them and keep them engaged.
  4. Fetch: Mountain Curs are natural retrievers and enjoy playing fetch, which can help to keep them active and provide mental stimulation.
  5. Obedience training: Training sessions can also be an excellent way to exercise your Mountain Cur, as they enjoy learning new commands and skills.

Regular exercise and mental stimulation are essential for Mountain Cur dogs to prevent boredom and ensure their overall well-being. A lack of exercise can lead to behavior problems, so it is important to prioritize their activity needs.

Mountain Cur Dog

Finding a Mountain Cur

There are several options for finding a Mountain Cur dog to buy.

  • Local breeders: You can search for local breeders in your area specializing in Mountain Cur dogs. Contact them to inquire about available puppies or upcoming litters.
  • Rescue organizations: Check with local animal shelters and rescue organizations to see if they have any Mountain Cur dogs available for adoption. You may also find breed-specific rescue groups focusing on rescuing and rehoming Mountain Curs.
  • Online marketplaces: Websites such as PuppyFinder, NextDayPets, and AKC Marketplace may have listings for Mountain Cur puppies for sale from reputable breeders.

Thorough research and asking questions before purchasing a dog are essential to ensuring you get a healthy, well-bred Mountain Cur from a responsible source.


Adopting a rescue Mountain Cur can be a rewarding experience. Mountain Curs are known for their intelligence, loyalty, and hunting abilities. However, it’s important to remember that rescue dogs often come with their own set of challenges.

Before adopting a Mountain Cur, it’s important to understand the breed’s needs and characteristics thoroughly. Mountain Curs are energetic dogs that require plenty of exercise and mental stimulation. They are also known to be stubborn and independent, so consistent training and socialization are essential.

When adopting a rescue Mountain Cur, it’s important to be patient and understanding. Many rescue dogs have a history of neglect or abuse, so they may have behavioral issues that need to be addressed. Working with a professional trainer or behaviorist is important to help your new dog adjust to its new life and overcome any challenges it may face.

Adopting a rescue Mountain Cur can be a wonderful experience for you and your new furry friend. With patience, training, and lots of love, you can provide your rescue dog a happy and fulfilling life.


In conclusion, the Mountain Cur is a versatile and hardworking dog breed with a rich history rooted in the Appalachian mountains. Known for their intelligence, loyalty, and hunting prowess, these dogs make excellent companions for those who lead an active lifestyle and love the great outdoors. The Mountain Cur can thrive as a beloved family pet and reliable hunting partner with proper training, socialization, and care. Whether you’re looking for a new addition to your hunting pack or a loyal and dedicated companion, the Mountain Cur dog may be the perfect match.



How much does a Mountain Cur dog cost?

The cost of a Mountain Cur dog can vary widely depending on factors such as breeder reputation, pedigree, and location. Generally, you can expect to pay anywhere from $300 to $800 for a Mountain Cur puppy. Adoption fees for Mountain Cur dogs from shelters or rescue organizations may be lower, typically from $50 to $200. Additionally, additional costs for initial veterinary care, supplies, and training may exist.

Is the Mountain Cur a good family dog?

Yes, the Mountain Cur can make a good family dog. They are known for their loyalty, intelligence, and high energy levels. However, they may be better suited to families with active lifestyles and experience with training and socializing dogs. They protect their families and can be good with children when properly socialized and trained.

How big do Mountain Cur dogs get?

Mountain Cur dogs typically stand 16-26 inches tall at the shoulder and weigh between 30-60 pounds.

Is the Mountain Cur an intelligent dog?

Yes, the Mountain Cur is considered an intelligent dog breed. It is known for its strong work ethic, quick learning ability, and problem-solving skills. The Mountain Cur is also highly trainable and excels in hunting, tracking, and obedience training.

Is the Mountain Cur a good watchdog?

Yes, the Mountain Cur is known to be a good watchdog. They are alert, protective, and have a strong instinct to protect their home and family. They are wary of strangers and bark to alert their owners of potential threats. Their loyal and courageous nature makes them an effective watchdog.


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