Where Do English Springer Spaniels Come From?
The English Springer Spaniel was developed in England during the 19th century from a now-extinct breed, the Norfolk Spaniel. It is closely related to the English Cocker Spaniel, and at one time, puppies from the same litter were classified as Springer or Cocker based on the size, the larger being Springers and the smaller were Cockers.
The English Springer Spaniel was recognized as a distinct breed (primarily from the Cocker Spaniel) in 1902 by the Kennel Club. In 1927, the American Kennel Club adopted standards for the breed. The AKC standards were revised in 1932.
During the 20th century, some English Springers were bred for conformation (show dogs) while others were bred for hunting. This has caused two fairly distinct variations of the breed.
What Do English Springer Spaniels Look Like?
The English Springer Spaniel is a medium-sized dog, 19 to 20 inches tall and weighing between 40 to 50 pounds. Because of their common ancestor, they closely resemble the Cocker Spaniel and the Welsh Springer Spaniel. People not familiar with these breeds will be hard-pressed to tell the difference between them.
The coat of English Springers has white markings usually with liver, black, tan, or a combination of these colors. Dogs bred for show conformation have longer and less coarse hair than those bred for field work.
English Springer Spaniels are number 27 of 197 in the AKC’s breed popularity.
Are English Springer Spaniels Good Family Pets?
English Springer Spaniels are excellent family dogs. They are affectionate, friendly, and eager to please. They thrive on human companionship. They tend to become attached to one person and will stick as close to that person as they can. They do well with children and other family pets.
English Springers are not known to be aggressive but are very good watchdogs. They will bark when a stranger comes around. However, they are not guarding dogs and once the barking is over, they likely will just want to be petted by any newcomer.
In Stanley Coren’s book, “The Intelligence of Dogs, the English Springer is ranked 31st which places it above average in doggy smarts. They are relatively easy to train.
English Springers should be brushed weekly and bathed as necessary. If you do not like grooming your dog, you might take a trip to a groomer for trimming its coat, especially around its feet and under its tail, and to keep its nail trimmed. They do shed, although not heavily, and would not be considered a hypoallergenic breed.
Are English Springer Spaniels Healthy?
The average lifespan of an English Springer Spaniel is 12 to 14 years. They are generally healthy but may be more likely than some other breeds to suffer from hip dysplasia or eye problems.
Where Can I Get An English Springer Spaniel?
If you are interested in a rescue dog, go the the English Springer Spaniel Rescue website.